Domain

The main purpose of a domain name is to provide symbolic representations, i.e., recognizable names, to mostly numerically addressed Internet resources. This abstraction allows any resource (e.g., website) to be moved to a different physical location in the address topology of the network, globally or locally in an intranet, in effect changing the IP address. This translation from domain names to IP addresses (and vice versa) is accomplished with the global facilities of Domain Name System (DNS).

By allowing the use of unique alphabetical addresses instead of numeric ones, domain names allow Internet users to more easily find and communicate with web sites and any other IP-based communications services. The flexibility of the domain name system allows multiple IP addresses to be assigned to a single domain name, or multiple domain names to be services from a single IP address. This means that one server may have multiple roles (such as hosting multiple independent websites), or that one role can be spread among many servers. One IP address can also be assigned to several servers, as used in anycast networking.

Top-level domains

Every domain name ends in a top-level domain (TLD) name, which is always either one of a small list of generic names (three or more characters), or a two-character territory code based on ISO-3166 (there are few exceptions and new codes are integrated case by case). Top-level domains are sometimes also called first-level domains.

The generic top-level domain (gTLD) extensions are:

 
Generic .biz · .com · .info · .name · .net · .org · .pro
 
Sponsored .aero · .asia · .cat · .coop · .edu · .gov · .int · .jobs · .mil · .mobi · .museum · .tel · .travel
 
Infrastructure .arpa
 
Deleted/retired .nato
 
Reserved .example · .invalid · .localhost · .test
 
Pseudo .bitnet · .csnet · .local · .root · .uucp · .onion · .exit
 
 
Locations .berlin · .lat · .nyc
 
Language and
nationality
.bzh · .cym · .gal · .lli · .scot
 
Technical .geo · .mail
 
Other .kids · .post · .shop · .web · .xxx
 
for more deital --> Country code top-level domains

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